It appears that a tacit agreement on the release of Pakistani prisoners of war was reached in early 1972, since Bhutto overturned the death sentence handed down by Sheikh Mujibur Rehman on 8 January 1972. The sheikh took over as Prime Minister of Bangladesh on 10 January 1972. The United States declared Bangladesh sovereign on April 4, 1972. This laid the groundwork for the Shimla agreement. However, Pakistan officially recognized Bangladesh on 22 February 1974 and China on 31 August 1974. While the two heads of state and government clarified the general agreement at the summit, lengthy negotiations took place over 19 meetings in nearly two months, before the details were whipped. It is said that Prime Minister Indira Gandhi intervened several times to keep the talks going, and the final draft was approved by his cabinet. The Bangladeshi government also expressed full satisfaction with the agreement and endorsed it. This is how the aforementioned agreement of August 29, 1972 was born. Among his failures was the least discussed also his worst. Until all the official recordings of the simla agreement signed on 2 July 1972 are published, we will never know what prompted Indira Gandhi to make such a damaging peace with Pakistan after the 1971 war. The Simla agreement and the subsequent Delhi agreement gave Pakistan everything it wanted: the territory it had lost in India during the war and the safe return of all its soldiers, without one of them being held responsible for the incandescent campaign launched in present-day Bangladesh. The important part of the agreement included Pakistan`s recognition of Bangladesh.

Other issues were discussed: the repatriation of refugees to India and the release of Bangladeshi and Pakistani nationals stranded in both countries. Pakistan has agreed to host an unspecified number of bihari Muslims from Bangladesh. Pakistan has also agreed to send back to Bangladesh nearly 150,000 to 200,000 Bengali citizens of the new nation-state of Bangladesh. 1) India`s fiasco of turning its victory in the 1971 war into a lasting peace in the region by the 1972 Shimla Agreement is a missed case. I`m studying. (250 words) 5. The Shimla Accords of 1972 were a missed opportunity in a victorious cause. Do you agree? Critical comment.

On 29 August 1972, the two chief negotiators Parmeshwar Narain Haksar (India, Parmeshwar Narain Haksar) and Aziz Ahmed of Pakistan signed the final agreement between India and Pakistan, the summit between Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and Pakistani President Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. November 19, 2019 will mark the 102nd anniversary of former Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, and explain the stakes of the agreement. Pakistan has lost 1,48,000 square kilometres of territory in its eastern theatre and 15,000 square kilometres in the Western Theatre. 9,000 Pakistani soldiers were killed and 25,000 wounded. 200 tanks, 75 aircraft and 14 navy boats were destroyed. This included the pride of the Pakistani navy, the submarine Ghazi. For a long time, I felt that diplomacy was our weak point – and in Shimla, we lost much of what we had gained on the battlefield at the negotiating table.